An Action Research project by Katie Sutherland (English)
To research the effects of SAM learning to monitor whether setting these tasks for homework can have a positive effect on class work and exam preparation at KS4.
From their promotional information comes the following statement:
“With more activities across more subjects and a wider range of exam boards than any other online service, SAM Learning is the most effective online homework and exam-preparation service for secondary schools in the UK today.”
This action research project was used to challenge prior assumptions with a specific focus on Year 10 pupils.
The prior assumptions based upon 16 years in secondary education were:
- Year 10 pupils would engage more with e-learning homework tasks than generic reading and writing tasks
- Boys completion of e-learning homework would be at least equivalent to girls, if not greater
- There would be clear evidence in mock exam results that pupils had benefitted from e-learning homework
In order to broaden the breadth of study, reading was undertaken of previous research on the effectiveness of using online learning resources to improve progress. A convincing statistic was found and supported the objective of this action research project: ‘The impact of on-line revision on GCSE results’ by Karen Osborne, SAM Learning blog, Capita.co.uk 2005. The reference to boosting a ‘school’s GCSE results by over 30 per cent’ was an incentive to trial and monitor this method of setting homework and specifically the statement that, ‘improvements were more significant for boys’ as this remains a keen area of interest within my own practice as an English teacher.
‘online learning boosts school’s GCSE results by over 30 per cent. Improvements were more significant for boys, suggesting that online learning is an effective tool to help engage adolescent boys with their learning.’ (capita.co.uk; 2005)
The process for this action research project included:
- Set specific exam related tasks from Sam Learning for Year 10 pupils
- Monitor and analyse the data provided in response to these tasks
- Evaluate any impact on class work and mock exam results
- Pupil voice survey on the use of Sam Learning as a homework tool
- Next steps
1. Set specific exam related tasks from Sam Learning for Year 10 pupils.
28 Year 10 pupils of mixed ability were set 48 tasks over a 6 week period all related to English Paper 1.
35% of tasks were cloze activities therefore allowing the least able pupils to achieve success by placing the correct words/ phrases into responses
35% of tasks required a more developed response and would challenge all pupils to type a response of between 30 and 50 words
30% of tasks required a developed response were pupils would have to write in more depth and write about 100-150 words
2. Monitor and analyse the data provided in response to the homework tasks set.
|% of tasks completed by pupils||0-14%||15-29%||30-49%||50-69%||70-89%||90-100%|
|Number of pupils||5||6||6||4||0||3|
Figure 1. Completion rate of all homework tasks set on SAM learning
The rationale of this division of tasks was to encourage pupils of all ability to complete the maximum amount of homework tasks to consolidate learning. Sam Learning offers tasks that are multiple choice, clozed activities that can help with progress of less able pupils. However, it also has tasks that require a more developed response and then the more challenging tasks that require a detailed response that demonstrate a breadth of understanding by pupils and would consolidate learning in preparation for exam responses.
Figure 2. Breakdown of the relative completion rate of tasks by gender in relation to the overall completion rate of tasks set (see figure 1)
- Girls have completed significantly more homework than boys
- A proportion of girls were willing to complete all tasks set
- The maximum that a boy completed was 45% of tasks set
This evidence contradicted initial pre-conceptions that boys would complete more homework using technology and online learning tasks than girls. However, disappointingly, the maximum amount of homework tasks that a boy completed was 45% even though boys had equivalent target grades to their female peers. This did not fit with the expected results and made me reflect on whether or not the claims that completing online learning tasks ‘boosted grades by up to 30 percent’ were either gender specific or possibly even subject specific and perhaps English was not a subject that had benefitted from these results.
3. Evaluate any impact on class work and mock exam results
All of the learning tasks set were focused on AQA English Paper 1 and it was hoped that the completion of online learning tasks would support progress and be evidenced in mock examination results.
|Position in class mock exam||Base level|
|Pupil 4 (EAL)||43.35||4||4c|
|Pupil 9 (EAL)||10.35||9||4c|
|Pupil 18 (SEND)||3.5||18||3b|
|Pupil 19 (EAL)||35.2||19||3a|
|Pupil 20 (EAL)||17.45||20||4c|
|Pupil 23 (SEND)||.2||23||4c|
|Pupil 24 (SEND)||17.5||24||2c|
Figure 3. A comparison of time spent on SAM learning task in relation to ranked position in a mock exam and student base level data.
Pupil 4 has spent a significant amount of time completing homework and achieved 4th position in class.
Yet, pupil 19 has also completed a significant amount of homework and achieved 19th place.
Their base level was just one sub-level difference.
Pupil 10 has spent a significant amount of time completing homework and achieved 10th position in class.
Whereas Pupil 11 has a higher base level but has not completed nearly as much homework and is in 11th position.
4. Pupil Voice Survey
|Pupil voice Survey|
|Questions||Girls Yes||Boys Yes||Girls No||Boys No|
|Do you prefer homework tasks set on the computer?||10||11||3||0|
|Do you complete more homework if you can use the computer?||8||9||5||2|
|Are you satisfied with the amount of homework tasks that you have completed?||6||5||5||7|
|Would it help you to complete more tasks if you had a set amount to complete per week?||7||7||4||5|
|Do you think that SAM Learning has had a positive impact on your class work or mock?||8||5||3||7|
|Would you have completed more tasks if you could do this in an after school revision session?||4||10||7||3|
|Were your parents/ carers aware of your e-learning tasks?||5||2||6||9|
- Few pupils completed all e-learning homework tasks
- The majority of girls completed more homework tasks than boys
- One of the most able pupils from baseline data completed the most homework and achieved first position in the mock exam
- Some of the least able pupils completed the least e-learning homework tasks
- Boys were not as engaged when completing the extended responses
- Most boys were honest in their response that they would probably complete more e-learning tasks if given time in school to revise.
Surprisingly, the data collected thus far has not supported the claims that ‘improvements were more significant for boys’. I can understand that if you are starting at a point of 0% completion of homework then there may be more significant improvements but my experience had been that it was difficult to gender stereotype as it really depended on the pupils who completed the work, rather than their gender. I was disappointed with the lack of extended responses from all pupils and with the boys in particular but I will consider their responses from the pupil voice survey when setting future homework.
6. Next steps
- Set short manageable tasks on a fortnightly basis for pupils
- Differentiate tasks for learners
- Monitor pupils completion of tasks every fortnight
- Offer lunch time / after school revision sessions (particularly for boys)
- Group call parents with homework information
- Reward all pupils who complete 75% or more of tasks
Further research would be beneficial whilst adapting my practice to include the ‘next steps’. I would hope that more manageable tasks, rewards and opportunities during the school day to complete learning will boost the quality and quantity of homework completed. Also, parental support via group call will be effective in ensuring completion of homework.
Featured image: ‘boy computer’ by OpenClipart-Vectors on Pixabay. Licensed under CC0 Public Domain