Featured picture: http://www.freeimages.co.uk/

**Maths mastery – exploration and implementation**

**An Action Research project by Julie Silk**

**Aims of the project**

The aim of the investigation was to explore the changes to approaches in the teaching of Mathematics to incorporate the new style of questioning and understanding known as Mastery.

The Key Stage 3 and 4 curriculum has drastically changed, particularly with regard to the style of questioning in assessment.

**Our aims**

- To clarify what “mastery” means
- To identify changes needed to teaching styles and learning outcomes
- To implement changes
- To observe one another to assist with team planning and sharing good practice
- Embed mastery in our Schemes of Work

**Background**

In 2015 the new Mathematics curriculum was launched. Numbers replaced grades and a new style of examination was introduced by the examination boards. Our current Year 11 will be the first to face the challenge of the new curriculum. It was, therefore, essential that as a department we gained full understanding of what the changes were and how this would impact on our teaching. There were two main changes: curriculum content and mastery. Exam boards, education experts and teachers across the country were all offering a variety of opinions as to how this would look. It was for this reason that the faculty as a whole decided to carry out action research that would assist with this process.

**Context**

Our initial discussions began with us selecting a couple of classes to work with in order to build resilience and mastery skills using plenaries that based on mastery style questions. At the same time we set out to research more fully the definition of mastery. It quickly became apparent that we would need to use our plenaries with all classes or some of our pupils would be disadvantaged. In consequence we extended this practice to all classes in years 7-10.

The emphasis on moving from predictable questions where you can teach a few “tricks” to get enough marks to get a C, to a real understanding of how to problem solve with Maths is , I believe, an excellent step forward. I have always considered teaching maths to be like coaching a football team. You show them lots of skills which they can practice and master but it isn’t until they are put together in a match that the full beauty of the game can be appreciated; in our case the “match” is problem solving.

**Actions**

- Research mastery
- Change plenaries
- Change assessments
- Observe each other teach in peer observations
- Share good practice within the department
- Share good practice outside the department

Research was shared and stored in a central folder in the Maths faculty for the benefit of all.

The new style of questioning needs quite a lot of encouragement for pupils to get started and we have to build resilience as up until this year, pupils were reluctant to get things wrong in Maths.

With the new style of questions we felt that it was important for the pupils to get a realistic idea of their understanding of the work. Our new tests provided by the exam board are very challenging and pupils need much encouragement to correct their mistakes. I felt it was vital for them to persist and so for every end of unit test we do, one week later they have a retest, same style of questions but different numbers. Pupils are adapting much better to the tests as confidence grows. The younger the pupil the better they are dealing with the changes. In year 10 the tests and end of year exams have certainly spread the level of attainment, many who would normally be 4/5 borderline are struggling to achieve anywhere near their target grade while the top-end are almost on par with their counterparts from last year. We can now see that our next step is to get pupils to write down the steps taken in each question and to at least start a 6-8 mark question that they feel is at the limit of their ability.

**Peer observation**

At the start peer observations were used to have a look at what we were each trying out with our classes. We have a full programme of paired observation for the next academic year to further develop our skills and share best practice.

**Impact**

The full impact of our findings will be more evident as time goes on.

- Test results for my year 10 groups have shown that the more able the pupil the better they have adapted to the new style questions.
- Resilience is key to gaining marks.
- Showing working out is now more important than ever.
- Adoption of the Shanghai style of teaching (learning key facts, peer support, moving forward together) is important as pupils need all the mathematical skills taught readily available.

**Conclusions**

- In the long term, changes to the curriculum will increase understanding of Mathematics by pupils
- Resilience needs to be encouraged and perfected
- We’ve been fortunate that Nrich has been good preparation for some of the skills needed
- Results will rise as we develop mastery further
- The skills we have gained can be shared with others in other departments, other schools and Primary colleagues

**Next steps**

- Continue to adapt lessons to incorporate mastery plenaries
- Increase pupil response to tests and exams
- Use peer support to raise understanding in lessons
- Contact Primary partners to set up a support hub
- Focus mind set changes on the middle ability pupils who seem to have been the most affected by exam changes

**Sources and references**

NCETM (2014a). Developing Mastery in Mathematics. [Online] Available from: https://www.ncetm.org.uk/resources/45776 [Accessed: 28th September 2015]

NCETM (2014b). Video material to support the implementation of the National Curriculum. Available from: https://www.ncetm.org.uk/resources/40529 [Accessed 28th September 2015]

National Centre for Excellence in the Teaching of Mathematics. October 2014. Williams, H. (2014) *Approach, Research.* Mathematics Mastery Acting Director of Primary